Vega de San Mateo
Geographical Information. San Mateo's municipality places in the centre zone of Gran Canaria, to 22 kilometres of distance of the capital. Its surface is 37,89 square kilometres, and 47 % of the territory is a Protected area of Pico. It places to 800 meters of altitude, up to the Macizo Central, where they find the major elevations of the island: Pico de Nieve1961 meters of altitude, Los Pechos, to 1.945 m., and the Roque Saucillo, to 1.850 meters. The highest zone of the territory, The Summit is defined by the head-board of the Ravine Guiniguada, Ravine of Higuera and Ravine of the Mine that joined the local elevations that do a landscape of exceptional beauty and heterogeneity. The Ravine of the Mine, the island crosses of Gran Canaria towards the North-East zone in the capital of the Island. San Mateo's irregular orography and extraordinary climatic conditions for the cultives have caused that this locality arranges one of the most beautiful natural places of the Island for its frondage.
History. The history of San Mateo's Vega begins scantily 200 years ago. The forest wealth of this municipality and its geographical, favorable characteristics for the cattle, gave place to which this region was populated by the aborigines. After the conquest of Gran Canaria the territories were distributed to the settlers. San Mateo's current territory, which aboriginal name was Tinamar, placing what was named The Vega, which was including what nowadays are the municipalities of San Mateo and Santa Brígida. In the 18th century, the High Vega grew in population, which was the first step to request an own hermitage and, later, to obtain the municipality: at the beginning of the 19th century, the Hearing takes the decision to separate the village of San Mateo of the jurisdiction of Santa Brigida. In this time San Mateo was relying on an average of 600 housings and economic situation was continuing being sustained in the agriculture, cattle and in the wealth of the sea resources. These circumstances will be kept stable up to the 20th century, in which economic changes took place being present at a crisis of the primary sector opposite to the summit of the tertiary sector, Provoked to a great extent by the emigration of the city and the capital projection in sectors that were not of cattle’s.
Holidays. The employer holidays of the municipality, in Honor to San Mateo celebrate on September 21. The municipality turns for some days into a great party that agglutinates too many rosemaries of the Island around a pilgrimage - offering. Likewise one organizes a career of horses and an important fair of cattle.