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Geographical Information. Mogán is placed in the southwest of Gan Canaria, to 93 kilometres of the capital of the Island. Its surface is 172, 44 square kilometres, which turns it into the most extensive second municipality of the island. From 22 meters on sea level, up to reaching higher levels inside the municipality, in Sándara's Mountain (1.583 meters). Mogán's relief is characterized by wide ramps in which there are inserted deep ravines that are born inside the Island and spread up to the sea. The most spectacular are the Ravines of Veneguera and Mogán, where the capital of the municipality places, and where can be appreciate the landscapes of major beauty. The permanently sunny climate in Mogán determines its aridity inside the municipality. The same climate in the littoral turns the municipality, in one of the ideal places for the recovery of rheumatic patients or of similar ailments, According to the World Organization of the Health. The rainfalls are scanty,in winter, it is frequent to find in the high zones of the municipality, creeks and spectacular jumps of water. Of there that Mogán has the biggest prey of the Island: the Prey of Soria. Its vegetation conforms, principally, for cardonales and tabaibales, endemic plants of the Island, though the municipality also have green summits, with an important mass of Canary pinegrove, oasis of palms and trees of exotic fruits.

History. In its beginning the aboriginal occupation in Mogán's municipality settled, in the terraces of its ravines, as well as in the coastal zones. This way, they found small settlements in Veneguera's valley, in Mogán's basin, where they were more numerous and in the adjacent valleys: Taurito, Taurus and Puerto Rico. After the conquest and with the arrival of the new settlers of Gran Canaria, preceded to the distribution of the lands and waters, that existed in the island. Thus, which today is Mogán's municipality, was included in Telde's district, since this geographical zone was reaching up to the south limit of the Village Valley. The lands corresponding to this municipality were characterized by lack of water, by the lack of comunication and the withdrawal of the principal economic and population centers of the Island. This provoked that Mogán and the attached valleys were not preferential zones in the allotments, for only was occupied the sides of the ravines of Tasarte, Veneguera and Mogán.

 

The coast remained in isolation by the fear of the continuous assaults of the pirate’s ships. The XVIIIth century, Mogán was depending on other municipalities, since they were Agüimes, San Bartolomé of Tirajana and Tejeda, situation that was making difficult the configuration of an own identity. To this it is necessary to join the conflict that arose in the second half of the XVIIth century between farmers and ranchers for the use of the lands, which was making more complicated Mogán's economic development. In 1815, Mogán, with the help of the bishop Verdugo, managed to be a new parochial district, which allowed it to become a free municipality. At the end of the XIXth century, Mogán's new municipality entered a crisis, due to the following factors: the bankruptcy of the field, decompensate fiscal pressure, bad administrative control and inability to liquidate the obligations that the peasants had with the local lenders. But this situation started improving when an English house implants for the first time tomatoes and bananas cultives, bringing the hope and new systems of cultures, which the economy of the XXth century would characterize.

In Mogán's Port the principal activity is the fishing, which in the main supplier to the restaurants of the zone. The fishing of marlin and túnidos are famous in the whole Island. Finally, and for being the most recent activity, Mogán is characterized by its offer of tourist services. An important infrastructure with hotels and apartments of several categories, malls, beaches and sports ports, as well as a wide offer of leisure, they have turned to this place, in one of the municipalities with major hotel activity and of restoration.

Holidays. Between the holidays that are celebrated in Mogán, the most famous one´s are San Antonio El Chico and El Grande. The parties of San Antonio El Chico are celebrated on June 13, day of San Antonio of Padua, boss of the municipality. A festival of folklore in which numerous folklore groups of this and of other islands perform, as well as a traditional pilgrimage, all the villagers take part, with offerings of fruits and typical products to the saint, holiday continue during the whole week, with acts and cultural samples, reaching the above mentioned holidays, with the procession of San Antonio, for the streets of the village and the traditional Singing of the Little birds. The festivity of San Antonio El Chico is celebrated on the first Sunday of August and has its origin in a collective promise after a plague of lobster, which destroyed the cultures of the municipality.

 
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